Therapy in Toulouse with Ruicen | Approach
My Approach to Psychotherapy
Trained in Integrative Psychotherapy, I studied some major theories and techniques of practice from Psychoanalytic Tradition, from Humanistic Tradition, as well as from Existential Tradition.
Among these approaches to therapy, I feel a natural affinity with Carl Jung’s view of the human psyche. That is to say, his understanding of psychological difficulties and of the way towards healing. I acquired the knowledge in Jungian psychotherapy through professional training and also through my own personal Jungian analysis. Indeed, personal therapy is an essential part of the training for and becoming a psychotherapist.
Apart from the Jungian analytical approach, I also feel drawn to the existential approach. I find existential views on human conditions an important philosophical guide in my practice, helping me root my client’s difficulties in the perspective of human existence. Moreover, the ‘unconditional positive regard’, practiced in the humanistic tradition, is the fundamental attitude that I naturally take towards my clients and towards all my fellow human beings.
Since the Jungian approach to psychotherapy has a major influence on my way of working, I would like to mention some essential ideas about psychotherapy from a Jungian perspective.
From a Jungian viewpoint, the ultimate objective of psychotherapy is that the therapist and the client work together to increase the client’s consciousness in order to move towards psychological balance and wholeness, to bring relief and meaning to psychological suffering.
However, in Jungian psychotherapy, it is not the therapist who offers advice to the client. In Jung’s words, “we get nowhere by employing well-intentioned advice”. It is the unconscious that offers advice to the client. In fact, Jung emphasises that the therapist must “give up all pretensions to superior knowledge, all authority and desire to influence” the client. It is not the therapist who knows (for example, what is the ‘best’ for the client). Rather, it is the unconscious which ‘knows’.
Jung describes psychotherapy as “a dialogue or discussion between two persons”. It is a mutual process, a collaborative conversation, between the therapist and the client. Together, as equals, the therapist and the client analyse what the unconscious of the client advises.
The advice that the unconscious offers to the client is what Jung calls a ‘compensation’. The problem, according to Jung, is that the attitude of the conscious mind is too one-sided and too narrow. Therefore, the solution is “to compensate the one-sidedness and narrowness of the conscious mind by deepening its knowledge of the unconscious”.
One effective way to achieve this is through working with dreams, which according to Jung, are “beyond the control of the conscious mind”. In fact, Jung regards dreams as “indispensable” to psychotherapy, as they are the purest and most spontaneous expression of the unconscious. Jung says that dreams have an important equal to the conscious mind itself, by which he means what the unconscious expresses in dreams are compensations for the one-sided and narrow attitude of the conscious mind.
In Jungian therapy, the primary task of psychotherapy is ‘Individuation’, which Jung defines as a process through which “the patient becomes what he really is”. The purpose of Jungian therapy is not for the client to become merely ‘normal’. Rather, it is for the client to become truly unique. In Jung’s words, “a man becomes the definite, unique being he in fact is”.
Jung states that “the fundamental rule for the psychotherapist should be to consider each case new and unique.” Jungian psychotherapy provides an opportunity for people to develop as individuals so that, ultimately, through an encounter with the unconscious, they may consciously become who they uniquely are.
Having stated the above, theories and techniques are only a part of the work. I will work with my whole being, as you will meet me with your whole being also. I view psychotherapy as your personal journey which you and I will embark on together. I am honoured to be your companion.